Cognitive Decline Linked to CVD Risks in Middle-Aged Women

Cognitive Decline Linked to CVD Risks in Middle-Aged Women

Although men appear to be more prone to cardiovascular diseases than women, a new study indicates that middle-aged women are more affected by such conditions and at greater risk of cognitive decline. 

Both men and women are at risk of certain conditions at different periods of their lives. For instance, men are more likely to suffer from diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol levels. On the other hand, heart disease is linked to a greater decline in cognition in females than males. It is also discovered that there is a strong connection between cardiovascular diseases and cognitive decline in middle-aged people. Yet, there is a lack of sufficient research on whether sex could play a role.

The study’s findings discovered a link between CVDs in middle-aged people and the risk factors that contribute to cognitive decline in males and females. Still, the degree of association depends on the sex. Although the researchers believed that men are more prone to midlife cardiovascular diseases, the results have shown that women are more likely to develop such conditions.

The study involved participants who did not have dementia. The research team monitored the participants for three years. It was discovered that although men were more likely to have factors that can influence cardiac risk, women with the same factors are at a greater risk of cognitive decline. The findings also suggested that the factors that can influence cardiac risk impact certain cognitive areas differently in men and women. For example, women who suffer from diabetes or heart conditions are more likely to have worse language test results.

Researchers believe that middle-aged women who have hypertension, very high levels of blood cholesterol, or diabetes are more likely to experience a decline in cognition than men of the same age.

However, this study has limitations. Namely, all of the participants come from the same county. Also, the findings do not provide evidence that women with factors that can influence cardiac risk will experience a midlife decline in cognition, but it merely demonstrates a connection.

Photo by lucas Favre on Unsplash

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