Mealtimes Could Affect Heart Health in People with Diabetes
Scientists from the Harbin Medical University in China hypothesized that diabetes eating times could be associated with long-term survival in diabetes patients in their recent paper published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. The analysis was performed on the 4642 diabetes patients, whose daily consumption was divided into forenoon, afternoon, and evening quantiles.
Results demonstrated that the time of eating food could impact the risk for cardiovascular disease development in patients with diabetes. For example, eating starchy vegetables (i.e., potatoes) in the morning, whole grain food in the afternoon, darker vegetables (i.e., broccoli), and milk in the evening lowers cardiovascular risk. On the other hand, the consummation of processed meats in the evening increases the risk of cardiovascular incidents and related death.
Furthermore, it is well-known that changing the diet can delay or even prevent diabetes development. And, since diabetes and heart health are firmly connected, it is not surprising that it matters what a person eats and when they eat it. The latter’s observation is called chrono-nutrition, which is part of the nutritional research devoted to elucidating how meal times affect health.
Some possible explanations are related to the circadian rhythm of the expression of many genes involved in metabolism, inflammation, and oxidative stress. In addition, food also seems to regulate the circadian cycle, which is desirable in patients with diabetes.
The authors concluded that their findings give a clue why it is so important to pay attention to what you eat and when you eat.
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